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Project & Publication

Projects (Dr. M.I. Khalil)

  1. Managing and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and carbon sequestration in different landscape mosaics (GHG-Manage, FACCE ERA-GAS funded; Lead: UCD; Collaborators: Germany, France, Netherlands, Poland and Ireland). Co-cordinator. (On-going)
  2. The effect of land use change on the biogenic greenhouse gas budget of agroecosystems in northern Chiloé (FONDECYT, Chile-funded; Co-PI of WP; Lead: Chile, Collaborator: UCD, Ireland) – Ongoing.
  3. Ensemble Modelling: Inter-comparison of process-based models for prediction of C and N emissions from Irish agriculture and their uncertainties (Irish Land Uses; DAFM-funded; Lead: Teagasc; Collaborators: UCD, DIT and AFBI, NI). Co-PI/Researcher. (Completed).
  4. Development of methodologies and modelling for accounting greenhouse gases and organic carbon stocks in agricultural soils of Ireland (Irish EPA-Funded, 2009: UCD- Academic host/PI). Coordinator (Completed).
  5. Agricultural activity data for modelling and national estimates of greenhouse gases and air pollutants (Irish EPA-Funded: UCD- Academic host/PI). Coordinator. (Completed)
  6. Nitrogen Derrogation, Nutrient Management Plan, and Basic Payment Scheme consultancy for Teagasc (2014-2015).
  7. Subsoil and groundwater denitrification (Research Stimulus Fund, RSF). Lead: Teagasc; Collaborators: NUIG & TCD, Ireland, and Rothamsted Research, UK. Coordinator. (Completed).
  8. Maximising the efficiency of slurry-N and urea-N utilisation by grassland using nitrification and urease inhibitors as a strategy for environmental protection (RSF). Lead: Teagasc; Collaborators: UCD, Ireland and AFBI, NI. Collaborator. (Completed).
  9. New biodegradable hydrogel materials for the delivery of nitrification and urease inhibitors (RSF). Lead: NUIM, Ireland; Collaborator: Teagasc. Collaborator. (Completed).
  10. Reducing nitrogen excretion, ammonia and nitrous oxide emissions from dairy, beef and pig farms: Evaluation a whole farm approach (RSF). Lead: University College Dublin; Collabs: Teagasc, NUIM, Ireland, and Lincoln University, NZ. Contributor. (Completed).
  11. Interactions between soil water-induced nitrification, nitrous oxide emission and methane oxidation in an arable soil using 13C and 15N isotopes (Imperial College London, United Kingdom).
  12. Positional effect of urea fertilizers on NH3 volatilization, N2O and NOx emissions from arable soils and N recovery by spring wheat using 15N isotope (TUM, Germany).
  13. N2O emission and N recovery by spring wheat with a new urease +nitrification inhibitor compared to different urea types and a nitrification inhibitor (TUM, Germany).
  14. Source-based interactions between N2O, CH4 and CO2 in a rice-legume system: Determinants, emissions factors and global warming potential (CU, Japan).
  15. Gross mineralization of C and N in contrasting rice soils using stable isotope techniques (Incomplete: CU, Japan).
  16. Isotope-aided studies on nitrate movement in soil under irrigated wheat with an emphasis to groundwater pollution (FAO/IAEA Coordinated). PI-BINA (Completed).
  17. Nuclear techniques to improve crop production in salt-affected soils (FAO/IAEA Coordinated). Co-cordinator. (Completed).
  18. Decomposition of organic materials and nutrient release pattern (DANIDA/SFFP funded) PI-BINA. (Completed).
  19. Management of soil physical environment for increasing crop production [ADP)/ GOB) funded]. PI-BINA. (Completed).
  20. Studies on the soil physical properties and crop yields as influenced by different soil and water management practices (ADP/GOB funded).
    PI-BINA. (Completed).
  21. Solute and water transport mechanisms in various soils of Bangladesh and environmental pollution (ADP/GOB funded). PI-BINA. (Completed).
  22. Measurement and modelling soil physical properties and crop yields under different management systems (ADP/GOB funded). PI-BINA. (Completed).
  23. Characterization of the soils of BINA farm and substations (ADP/GOB funded). PI-BINA. (Completed).
  24. Emission of trace gases from intensely managed agroecosystems of Bangladesh (ADP/GOB funded). PI-BINA. (Completed).
  25. Management of problem soils (salinity and drought) for increasing crop production (ADP/GOB funded). PI-BINA. (Completed).
  26. Dynamics of organic materials on physical fertility and sustaining increased crop production (ADP/GOB funded). PI-BINA. (Completed).
  27. Evaluation of soil physical parameters of various land development units in Bangladesh for land use planning (USAID/BARC Coordinated). Researcher-BINA. (Completed).
  28. Studies on the soil adaptability for minimum tillage and increased use of post monsoon soil water by rabi crops (USAID/BARC Coordinated). Collaborator-BINA. (Completed).
  29. Fate of fertilizer nitrogen and fixation of nitrogen by legumes under different soil and water management practices (USAID/BARC Coordinated). CoPI-BINA. (Completed).
  30. Organic matter management for increased and sustainable agricultural production in Bangladesh (FAO/IAEA Coordinated). CoPI-BINA. (Completed).


Dr. M. I. Khalil:  Total 213 (Journals/Book chapters/proceedings/reports) Recent past peer-reviewed journals/book chapters follow:

  1. Grosz, B., R. Well, R. Dechow, J.R., Köster, M.I. Khalil, S. Merl, A. Rode, B. ,Ziehmer and H. He. 2021. Evaluation and adjustment of description of denitrification in three biogeochemical models based on N2 and N2O laboratory mesocosm incubation system measurements. Atmospheric Environment (In review).
  2. Walkiewicz, A., P. Bulak, M. Brzezińska, M. I. Khalil and Bruce Osborne. 2021. Variations in Soil Properties and CO2 emissions of a Temperate Forest Gully Soil along a Topographical Gradient. Forest Ecology and Management (Accepted).
  3. Khalil, M.I. C.Costa-Junior, R. Francaviglia, B. Henry, K. Klumpp, P. Koncz, M. Llorente, E. B. Madari, M. Muñoz-Rojas and R. Nerger. 2021. Technical manual on soil management for soil organic carbon maintenance and sequestration. Chapter 3.1: Grassland (Sub-chapters: Practices, Case Studies and Hot-Spots). FAO, Rome, Italy (In Press).
  4. Khalil, M.I. (Contributing author). 2020. A Protocol Guidelines for measurement, monitoring and reporting of Soil organic carbon in agricultural landscapes. GSOC-MRV PROTOCOL (Book). FAO Global Soil Partnership, Rome, Italy.
  5. Khalil, M.I., S.F. Islam, M. O’Neil and B. Osborne. 2020. Measuring and quantifying greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural activities. In: Deryng, D. (ed.), Climate change and agriculture, Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing,Cambridge, UK, 2020, (ISBN: 978 1 78676 320 4; p 1-79. doi:10.19103/AS.2020.0064.12.
  6. Khalil, M.I., S.F. Islam, M. O’Neil and B. Osborne. 2020. Measuring and quantifying greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural activities. In: Deryng, D. (ed.), Climate change and agriculture, Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing,Cambridge, UK, 2020, (ISBN: 978 1 78676 320 4; P 1-79.
  7. Khalil, M.I., S.F. Islam, M. O’Neil and B. Osborne. 2020. Measuring and quantifying greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural activities. In: Deryng, D. (ed.), Climate change and agriculture, Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing,Cambridge, UK, 2020, (ISBN: 978 1 78676 320 4; p 1-79. doi:10.19103/AS.2020.0064.12.
  8. Khalil, M.I., D. Fornara and B. Osborne. 2020. Simulation and validation of soil organic carbon density and its changes in a long-term permanent grassland of Ireland. Geoderma 361: 114014. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2019.114014
  9. Khalil, M.I., R. Francaviglia, B. Henry, K. Klumpp, P. Koncz, M. Llorente, E. B. Madari, M. Muñoz-Rojas and R. Nerger. 2019.Strategic management of grazing grassland systems to maintain and increase organic carbon in soils. In: CO2 Sequestration; L.A. Frazão, A.M.S. Olaya and  J. Cota (Eds.). ISBN: 978-953-51-7187-4. IntechOpen Publishers, UK. p1-20. DOI:
  10. Khalil, M.I. and B. Osborne. 2018. Improving estimates of soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks and their long-term temporal changes in agricultural soils in Ireland. Geoderma. 322: 172-183.
  11. Khalil, M.I., M. Abdalla, G. Lanigan, B. Osborne and C. Müller. 2016. Evaluation of parametric limitations in simulating greenhouse gas fluxes from Irish arable soils using three process-based models. Agricultural Sciences (Special Issue: Agricultural Systems Modelling) 7: 503-520.
  12. Cahalan, E., M. Ernfors, C. Müller, D. Devaney, R.J. Laughlin, C.J. Watson, D. Hennesy, J. Grant, M.I. Khalil, K.L. McGeough and K.G. Richards. 2015. The effect of the nitrification inhibitor dicyandiamide (DCD) on nitrous oxide and methane emissions after cattle slurry application to Irish grassland. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 199: 339-349.
  13. Khalil, M.I. , M. Richards, B. Osborne, M. Williams and C. Müller. 2013. Simulation and validation of greenhouse gases and carbon stock in arable lands using the ECOSSE model. Atmospheric Environment. 81: 616-624.
  14. Khalil, M.I., G. Kiely, P. O’Brien and C. Müller. 2013. Estimation of organic carbon stocks in agricultural soils in Ireland using combined empirical and GIS approaches. Geoderma. 193-194: 222–235.
  15. Jahangir, M.M.R., P. Johnston, M. Barrett, M.I. Khalil, P. Groffman, P. Boeckx, O. Fenton and K.G. Richards. 2013. Denitrification and indirect N2O emissions in groundwater: hydrologic and biogeochemical influences. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology.152: 70-81.
  16. Jahangir, M.M.R., M.I. Khalil, P. Johnston, L.M. Cardenas, D.J. Hatch, M. Butler, M. Barrett, V. O’Flaherty and K.G. Richards. 2012. Denitrification potential in subsoils: a mechanism to reduce nitrate leaching to groundwater. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 147: 13-23.
  17. Jahangir, M.M.R., P. Johnston, M.I. Khalil, J. Grant, C. Somers and K.G. Richards. 2012. Evaluation of headspace equilibration methods for quantifying greenhouse gases in groundwater. Journal of Environmental Management. 111: 208-212.
  18. Jahangir, M.M.R., P. Johnston, M. Barrett, M.I. Khalil, and K.G. Richards. 2012. Linking hydrogeochemistry to nitrate abundance in groundwater in agricultural settings in Ireland. Journal of Hydrology. 448-449: 212-222.
  19. Khalil, M.I. and K.G. Richards. 2011. Denitrification enzyme activity and potential of subsoils under grazed grasslands assayed by membrane inlet mass spectrometer. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 43:1787-1797.
  20. Khalil, M.I., U. Schmidhalter, R. Gutser and H. Heuwinkel. 2011. Comparative efficacy of urea fertilization via supergranules versus prills on nitrogen distribution, yield response and nitrogen use efficiency of spring wheat. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 34: 779-797.
  21. Fenton, O., M.G. Healy, T. Henry, M.I. Khalil, J. Grant, A. Baily and K.G. Richards. 2011. Investigating denitrification potential in groundwater over time using δ15N/δ18O Isotopes and Membrane Inlet Mass Spectroscopy. Ecological Engineering. 37: 1304-1313.
  22. Physical and Chemical Manipulation of Urea Fertilizer to Limit the Emission of Reactive Nitrogen Species. Book Chapter. Understanding Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agricultural Management. L. Guo, L. MacConnell and A. Gunasekara (eds.), American Chemical Society/Oxford University Press Inc. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2011-1072.ch009; p 149-164.
  23. Jahangir, M.M.R., P. Johnston, M.I. Khalil and K.G. Richards. 2010. Assessing groundwater denitrification under two contrasting land uses in South East Ireland. Advances in Animal Biosciences (Cambridge Online Journal). 1(1): 87-87.
  24. Cahalan, E., K.G. Richards, C. Mueller, M.I. Khalil, C. Watson, R. Laughlin, D. Hennessy and D. Devaney. 2010. Can the nitrification inhibitor DCD decrease nitrous oxide emissions from slurry application to grassland? Advances in Animal Biosciences. 1: 79-79.
  25. Kuhs, M., M.I. Khalil and C. Byrne. 2010. Nitrous oxide emissions from Irish agriculture: Mitigations and research gaps. Book Chapter. Greenhouse Gas Mitigations from Irish Agriculture. C. Byrne and R. Douthwaite (Eds.). Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government and University of Limerick, Ireland. Online:; p 106-126.
  26. Khalil, M.I.,U. Schmidhalter and R. Gutser. 2009. Effects of urease and nitrification inhibitors added to urea on nitrous oxide emissions from a loess soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition & Soil Science. 172: 651-660.
  27. Khalil, M.I.,F. Buegger, M. Schraml, R. Gutser, K.G. Richards and U. Schmidhalter.  2009. Gaseous nitrogen emissions from a cambisol cropped to spring wheat with urea granule size and depths of placement. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 73: 1335-1344.
  28. Khalil, M.I., U. Schmidhalter and R. Gutser. 2009. Emissions of N2O, NH3 and CO2 from a cambisol with two contrasting water regimes and urea granular sizes. Communications in Soil Science & Plant Analysis. 40: 1191-1213.
  29. Richards, K, G., O. Fenton, M.I. Khalil, D. Doody and J. Humphreys. 2009. Good water status: A key for the integration of sustainable grassland production and water quality in Ireland. Tearmann: Irish Journal of Agri-Environmental Research. 7: 143-160.
  30. Fenton, O., K.G. Richards, L. Kirwan, M.I. Khalil and M.G. Healy. 2009.Factors affecting nitrate distribution in shallow groundwater under a beef farm in southeastern Ireland. Journal of Environmental Management. 90: 3135-3146.
  31. Khalil, M.I., O. Van Cleemput, A.B. Rosenani and U. Schmidhalter. 2007. Daytime, temporal and seasonal variations of N2O emissions in an upland cropping system of the humid tropics. Communications in Soil Science & Plant Analysis. 38: 189-204.
  32. Khalil, M.I. and K. Inubushi. 2007. Possibilities toreduce rice-straw-induced global warming potential of a sandy paddy soil by combining hydrological manipulations and urea-N fertilizations. Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 39: 2675-2681.
  33. Khalil, M.I., M.S. Rahman and U. Schmidhalter. 2007. Nitrogen-fertilizer induced mineralization of soil organic C and N in six contrasting soils of Bangladesh. Journal of Plant Nutrition & Soil Science.170:210-218.
  34. Khalil, M.I., U. Schmidhalter and R. Gutser. 2006. N2O, NH3 and NOx emissions as a function of urea granule size and soil type under aerobic conditions. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 175: 127-148.
  35. Khalil, M.I., and E.M. Baggs 2005. CH4 oxidation and N2O emissions at varied soil water-filled pore spaces and headspace CH4 concentrations. Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 37: 1785-1794.
  36. Khalil, M.I., M.B. Hossain and U. Schmidhalter. 2005. Carbon and nitrogen mineralization in different upland soils of subtropics treated with organic materials. Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 37: 1507-1518
  37. Khalil, M.I., U. Schmidhalter and R. Gutser. 2005. Turnover of chicken manure in some upland soils of Asia: Agricultural and environmental perspective. Book Chapter. Chicken Manure Treatment and Application. Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg, Germany, Book Series No. 28. pp 275-292.